Pararenal stent graft

Abstract

A stent graft for endovascular introduction into the pararenal region of the descending aorta. The stent graft has an elongate tubular body ( 10 ) with a proximal portion ( 12 ), a distal portion ( 16 ) of a diameter less than the proximal portion and a tapered central portion ( 14 ). A notional transverse clock face on the tubular body has 12 o'clock at a notional anterior longitudinal datum line. The stent graft has a scalloped cut out ( 26 ) centered at about 12:30 o'clock and a fenestration ( 28 ) at about 12:00 o'clock in the proximal portion and first and second fenestration assemblies which can be low profile side arms at about 2:15 o'clock and about 10:00 o'clock in the tapered central portion. The tapered central portion can have an arcuate side wall ( 30 ) so that the tapered portion has an outer face which is concave.

Claims

What is claimed is: 1. A stent graft comprising an elongate tubular body of a biocompatible graft material, the tubular body comprising a distal end and a proximal end, the tubular body comprising a proximal portion of a first selected diameter, a distal portion of a second selected diameter, the second selected diameter being less than the first selected diameter and a tapered central portion between the proximal portion and the distal portion, the tubular body comprising a circumference, a notional anterior longitudinal datum line on the tubular body and a notional transverse clock face having 12 o'clock at the notional anterior longitudinal datum line; a scalloped cut out in the proximal portion of the tubular body, the scalloped cut out being open at the proximal end of the tubular body; a fenestration in the proximal portion, the fenestration being distal of the scalloped cut out; a first fenestration assembly and a second fenestration assembly in the distal end of the tapered central portion, the scalloped cut out being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 12:30 o'clock, the fenestration in the proximal portion being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 12:00 o'clock, the first fenestration assembly being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 2:15 o'clock and the second fenestration assembly being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 10:00 o'clock. 2. A stent graft as in claim 1 comprising a plurality of self expanding stents affixed along the tubular body. 3. A stent graft as in claim 1 comprising an exposed zig zag self expanding stent extending from the proximal end of the proximal portion. 4. A stent graft as in claim 1 wherein the tapered portion comprises an arcuate side wall whereby the tapered portion comprises an outer face which is concave. 5. A stent graft as in claim 1 wherein the first fenestration assembly comprises a first low profile side arm and the second fenestration assembly comprises a second low profile side arm each of the first and second low profile side arms comprising a proximal external open end. 6. A stent graft as in claim 5 wherein the first and the second low profile side arms each comprise a tubular side branch sealingly received into a side arm fenestration wherein an inner portion of the tubular side branch extends within the tubular body and an outer portion of the tubular side branch extends exteriorly of the tubular body and such that the tubular side branch extends from the tubular body at an angle thereto. 7. A stent graft as in claim 1 wherein each of the first and the second low profile side arms comprises a reinforcement stent and wherein the reinforcement stent comprises a portion of wire forming a first ring and a second ring, the second ring defining a plane which is substantially parallel to and spaced axially apart from the plane of the first ring and at least one wire strut extending between the first ring and the second ring. 8. A stent graft as in claim 5 wherein the stent graft comprises an overall length of approximately 111 mm, the first selected diameter of the proximal portion being 30 mm, the second selected diameter of the distal portion being 20 mm, the proximal portion comprising a longitudinal length of about 39 mm, the distal portion comprising a longitudinal length of about 54 mm, the tapered portion comprising a longitudinal length of approximately 18 mm, the scalloped cut out comprising a circumferential width of about 20 mm and a longitudinal depth of about 19 mm, the fenestration comprising a diameter of 8mm and being centered at a space of 26 mm from the proximal end, external open ends of the first and second low profile side arms each being positioned at a distance of 55mm from the proximal end. 9. A stent graft as in claim 1 wherein the proximal portion of the tubular body comprises a proximally extending bare attachment stent and a first and a second self expanding stent. the first and the second self expanding stents being spaced apart longitudinally, the tapered central portion comprises a single self expanding stent and the distal portion comprises a plurality of self expanding stents. 10. A stent graft as in claim 9 wherein each of the second stent of the proximal portion and the single self expanding stent of the tapered central portion comprise an asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent, each of the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stents comprising a plurality of struts and proximal and distal bends between the struts and a circumference and a part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced circumferentially further apart than others of the bends, thereby defining wider void regions between the bends which are spaced circumferentially further apart. 11. A stent graft as in claim 10 wherein the second stent of the proximal portion is positioned such that the part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced further apart is in an anterior region of the stent graft and the fenestration in the proximal portion is in a wider void region. 12. A stent graft as in claim 10 wherein the single self expanding stent of the tapered central portion is affixed to the stent graft such that the part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced further apart is in an anterior region of the stent graft and the void regions are longitudinally proximal of the first and the second fenestration assemblies. 13. A stent graft as in claim 1 wherein the tapered central portion comprises an asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent, the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent comprising a plurality of struts and proximal and distal bends between the struts and a circumference and a part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced circumferentially further apart than others of the bends, thereby defining wider void regions between the bends which are spaced circumferentially further apart, the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent being affixed to the stent graft such that the part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced further apart is in the posterior region of the stent graft and the void regions are longitudinally proximal of the first and the second fenestration assemblies. 14. A stent graft as in claim 6 wherein the tubular side branches are each mounted into the tapered portion by being stitched to the tubular body, the stitching extending circumferentially and diagonally from a proximal end of the tubular side branch to a distal end of the tubular side branch such that the tubular side branch extends from the tubular body at an angle thereto. 15. A stent graft comprising an elongate tubular body of a biocompatible graft material, the tubular body comprising a distal end and a proximal end, the tubular body comprising a proximal portion of a first selected diameter, a distal portion of a second selected diameter, the second selected diameter being less than the first selected diameter and a tapered central portion between the proximal portion and the distal portion, the tubular body comprising a circumference, a notional anterior longitudinal datum line on the tubular body and a notional transverse clock face having 12 o'clock at the notional anterior longitudinal datum line; a scalloped cut out in the proximal portion of the tubular body, the scalloped cut out being open at the proximal end of the tubular body; a fenestration in the proximal portion distal of the scalloped cut out; a first low profile side arm and a second low profile side arm in the distal end of the tapered central portion, the first and the second low profile side arms each comprising an external open end, the tapered central portion comprising an asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent, the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent comprising a plurality of struts and proximal and distal bends between the struts and a circumference and a part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced circumferentially further apart than others of the bends, thereby defining wider void regions between the bends which are spaced circumferentially further apart, the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent being affixed to the stent graft such that the part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced further apart is in an anterior region of the stent graft and the void regions are longitudinally proximal of the first and the second low profile side arms; the scalloped cut out being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 12:30o'clock and comprising a circumferential width of about 20 mm and a longitudinal depth of about 20 mm, the fenestration in the proximal portion being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 12:00 o'clock and comprising a diameter of 8 mm and being centered at a distance of about 26 mm from the proximal end, the first low profile side arm being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 2:15 o'clock and the second low profile side arm being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 10:00 o'clock and proximal ends of each being positioned at a space of 55 mm from the proximal end.
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS This application claims priority of provisional application Ser. No. 61/211,308 filed Mar. 26, 2009. TECHNICAL FIELD This disclosure relates to a medical device and more particularly to a medical device for endovascular deployment into the aorta of a patient. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This disclosure relates to a stent graft for endovascular deployment into the descending aorta of a patient to treat arterial disease such as an aneurism. An aneurysm can extend to the para-renal or supra-renal region of the descending aorta and hence to obtaining good proximal seal it may be necessary to deploy a stent graft which could potentially cover one or more of the branch vessels of the descending aorta in that region. In the descending aorta there are a number of branch vessels which it is important not to occlude during the placement of a stent graft into the descending aorta to span an aneurism or the like. These vessels include the superior mesenteric artery, the celiac artery and the renal arteries. The relative position of these arteries can vary considerably from patient to patient and hence it has often been necessary to manufacture a custom made device to fit a particular vasculature. Throughout this specification the term distal with respect to a portion of the aorta, a deployment device or a prosthesis means the end of the aorta, deployment device or prosthesis further away in the direction of blood flow away from the heart and the term proximal means the portion of the aorta, deployment device or end of the prosthesis nearer to the heart. When applied to other vessels similar terms such as caudal and cranial should be understood. Throughout this discussion the term “stent graft” is intended to mean a device which has a tubular body of biocompatible graft material and at least one stent fastened to the tubular body to define a lumen through the stent graft. The stent graft may be bifurcated and have fenestrations, side arms or the like. Other arrangements of stent grafts are also within the scope of the disclosure. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is the object of this disclosure to provide a stent graft which can be used as an off the shelf device for a wide range as possible of variations in positions of the vessels in the descending aorta and thereby enabling treatment of as many patients as possible. In one form therefore, although this may not necessarily be the only or broadest form, the disclosure is said to reside in a stent graft comprising an elongate tubular body of a biocompatible graft material, the tubular body comprising a distal end and a proximal end, the tubular body comprising a proximal portion of a first selected diameter, a distal portion of a second selected diameter, the second selected diameter being less than the first selected diameter and a tapered central portion between the proximal portion and the distal portion, the tubular body comprising a circumference, a notional anterior longitudinal datum line on the tubular body and a notional transverse clock face having 12 o'clock at the notional anterior longitudinal datum line; a scalloped cut out in the proximal portion of the tubular body, the scalloped cut out being open at the proximal end of the tubular body; a fenestration in the proximal portion, the fenestration being distal of the scalloped cut out; first and second fenestration assemblies in the distal end of the tapered central portion, the scalloped cut out being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 12:30 o'clock, the fenestration in the proximal portion being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 12:00 o'clock, the first fenestration assembly arm being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 2:15 o'clock and the second fenestration assembly being circumferentially centered with respect to the notional transverse clock face at 10:00 o'clock. Preferably there are a plurality of self expanding stents affixed along the tubular body and an exposed zig zag self expanding stent extending from the proximal end of the proximal portion. Preferably the tapered portion comprises an arcuate side wall whereby the tapered portion comprises an outer face which is concave. Preferably the first and second fenestration assemblies each comprise low profile side arms, the low profile side arms each comprising a proximal external open end. Preferably the first and second low profile side arms each comprise a tubular side branch sealingly received into a side arm fenestration wherein an inner portion of the tubular side branch extends within the tubular body and an outer portion of the tubular side branch extends exteriorly of the tubular body and such that the tubular side branch extends from the tubular body at an angle thereto and each of the low profile side arms comprise an external open end facing proximally. Preferably each tubular side branch comprises a reinforcement stent and wherein the reinforcement stent comprises a portion of wire forming a first ring and a second ring, the second ring defining a plane which is substantially parallel to and spaced axially apart from the plane of the first ring and at least one wire portion extending between the first and second ring. Preferably the stent graft comprises an overall length of approximately 100 to 120 mm and preferably 111 mm, the first selected diameter of the proximal portion being 26 to 42 mm and preferably 30 mm, the second selected diameter of the distal portion being 20 to 30 mm and preferably 20 mm, the proximal portion comprising a longitudinal length of 35 to 45 mm, the distal portion comprising a longitudinal length of from 45 to 55 mm, the tapered portion comprising a longitudinal length of approximately 15 to 25 mm, the scalloped cut out comprising a circumferential width of about 20 mm and a longitudinal depth of about 19 mm, the fenestration comprising a diameter of about 8 mm and being centered at a distance of approximately 26 mm from the proximal end and the proximal openings of the first and second low profile side arms each being centered at a distance of approximately 55 mm from the proximal end. Preferably the proximal portion of the tubular body comprises a proximally extending bare attachment stent and first and second self expanding stents spaced apart longitudinally, the tapered central portion comprises a single self expanding stent and the distal portion comprises a plurality of self expanding stents. In a preferred embodiment each of the second stent of the proximal portion and the single self expanding stent of the tapered central portion comprise a asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent, the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent comprising a plurality of struts and proximal and distal bends between the struts and a circumference and a part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced circumferentially further apart than others of the bends, thereby defining wider void regions between the bends which are spaced circumferentially further apart. In a preferred embodiment the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent comprising the second stent of the proximal portion is positioned such that the part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced further apart is in the posterior region of the stent graft and the a fenestration in the proximal portion is in a wider void region. In a preferred embodiment the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent comprising the single self expanding stent of the tapered central portion is affixed to the stent graft such that the part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced further apart is in the posterior region of the stent graft and the void regions are longitudinally proximal of the open external ends of the first and second low profile side arms. Alternatively the tapered central portion comprises a asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent, the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent comprising a plurality of struts and proximal and distal bends between the struts and a circumference and a part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced circumferentially further apart than others of the bends, thereby defining wider void regions between the bends which are spaced circumferentially further apart, the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent being affixed to the stent graft such that the part of the circumference comprising bends being spaced further apart is in the posterior region of the stent graft and the void regions are longitudinally proximal of the open external ends of the first and second low profile side arms. Preferably each of the tubular side branches are mounted into the tapered portion by being stitched to the tubular body, the stitching extending circumferentially and diagonally from a proximal end of the tubular side branch to a distal end of the tubular side branch such that the tubular side branch extends from the tubular body at an angle thereto. It will be seen that by this disclosure there is provided a stent graft which can be deployed into the vasculature of a patient using known Seldinger techniques and placed such that the superior mesenteric artery is accessible through the fenestration in the proximal portion, the scalloped cut-out in the proximal portion allows access to the celiac artery and side branch stents can be deployed through each of the first and second low profile side arms to extend to the left and right renal arteries. The applicant has studied the positions of these arteries in a large number of patient and determined optimal positions for each of the scalloped fenestrations and the side arms to enable access to the respective side branches in as many patients as possible. This enables an off the shelf device to be devised according to the present disclosure. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING This then generally describes the disclosure but to assist with understanding reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings which show a preferred embodiment of the disclosure. In the Drawings: FIG. 1 shows a side view of a stent graft according to preferred embodiment of the present disclosure; FIG. 2 shows a schematic bottom view of the stent graft according to the present disclosure showing the notional clock-face and relative positions of the scalloped cut out, the fenestration and the side arms; FIG. 3 shows a part cross-sectional view of the stent graft, in particular showing the outer concave surface of the tapered portion; FIG. 4 shows a stent arrangement suitable for the low profile side arm; FIG. 5 shows a low profile side arm suitable for the present disclosure; FIG. 6 shows an asymmetric stent useful for the tapered portion and second stent of the stent graft of the present disclosure; and FIG. 7 shows a schematic view of a stent graft of the present disclosure particularly showing relevant dimensions. DETAILED DESCRIPTION In FIG. 1 a stent graft 10 according to one embodiment of the present disclosure comprises a tubular body which has three notional sections. The three notional sections comprise a proximal tubular body section 12 , a tapered central tubular body portion 14 and a distal tubular body portion 16 . Each of the proximal tubular body section 12 , the tapered central tubular body portion 14 and the distal tubular body portion 16 are substantially concentric and in fluid communication with each other. The tubular body comprises of a biocompatible graft material. The biocompatible graft material can include polytetrafluoroethylene, dacron, polyamide or any other suitable biocompatible graft material. While DACRON, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), or other synthetic biocompatible materials can be used for the tubular graft material for the stent graft, a naturally occurring biomaterial, such as collagen, is highly desirable, particularly a specially derived collagen material known as an extracellular matrix (ECM), such as small intestinal submucosa (SIS). Besides SIS, examples of ECM's include pericardium, stomach submucosa, liver basement membrane, urinary bladder submucosa, tissue mucosa, and dura mater. SIS is particularly useful, and can be made in the fashion described in Badylak et al., U.S. Pat. No. 4,902,508; Intestinal Collagen Layer described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,733,337 to Carr and in 17 Nature Biotechnology 1083 (Nov. 1999); Cook et al., WIPO Publication WO 98/22158, dated 28 May 1998, which is the published application of PCT/US97/14855, the teachings of which are incorporated herein by reference. Irrespective of the origin of the material (synthetic versus naturally occurring), the material can be made thicker by making multilaminate constructs, for example SIS constructs as described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,968,096; 5,955,110; 5,885,619; and 5,711,969. In addition to xenogenic biomaterials, such as SIS, autologous tissue can be harvested as well, for use in forming the tubular graft material. Additionally Elastin or Elastin-Like Polypetides (ELPs) and the like offer potential as a material to fabricate the tubular graft material to form a device with exceptional biocompatibility. SIS is available from Cook Biotech, West Lafayette, Ind., USA. The tubular body is supported by a plurality of self expanding stents which are mounted either inside or outside of the tubular body. The stents comprise a proximal stent 22 , a stent 24 distal of the proximal stent in the proximal portion, a stent 32 in the tapered central portion and stents 38 in the distal portion. An exposed proximal stent 20 extends proximally of the proximal end of the tubular body. The stents 24 and 32 are asymmetric stents. The specific construction of the stents 24 and 32 will be discussed below. The stents 22 and 24 are mounted inside the tubular body to give a smooth outside sealing surface. The placement of the stent 32 in the tapered central; portion will be discussed below. The stents may be constructed from stainless steel, nitinol which is a nickel titanium alloy or any other suitable material. The proximal portion 12 comprises a tube of substantially constant diameter. The proximal portion 12 also has a scalloped cut out or fenestration 26 and a further substantially circular fenestration 28 . The scalloped fenestration 26 is open to the proximal end of the stent graft and a number of the struts 22 a of the proximal stent 22 extend bare across the scalloped fenestration 26 . The fenestration 28 is placed substantially between the stent 22 and the stent 24 . The relative circumferential positions of scalloped fenestration 26 and the fenestration 28 will be discussed below. Two low profile side arms 34 and 36 are mounted into the tapered central portion 14 with their external open ends 34 a and 36 a extending proximally. As can be seen in FIG. 3 , the low profile side arm is mounted at an angle to the wall of the stent and the open end of the low profile side arm 34 b within the stent graft extends towards the distal end of the stent graft. The two low profile side arms 34 and 36 are mounted into the tapered central portion 14 with stitching or other fastening 35 (see FIG. 3 ) extending diagonally on the low profile side arms 34 and 36 from one end to the other. Hence the stitching 35 by which the low profile side arms 34 and 36 mounted and sealed into the tapered portion 14 extends circumferentially and diagonally from the proximal end of the side branch to the distal end of the side branch such that the side branch extends from the tubular body at an angle thereto. The tapered central portion 14 has an arcuate wall 30 as best can be seen in FIG. 3 . The arcuate wall 30 presents a concave outer surface of the tapered portion 14 . The tapered central portion is supported by an asymmetric stent 32 . The configuration of the asymmetric stent 32 will be discussed in relation to FIG. 6 . The arcuate wall 30 allows a side branch stent 31 (shown dotted in FIG. 3 ) to extend from the low profile side arm and to curve over to a side branch vessel such as a renal artery without deleteriously engaging the arcuate wall 30 which may cause the side arm stent to be partially closed off and thereby restrict blood flow to the branch vessel. The distal portion of the stent graft 16 comprises a tubular body of substantially constant diameter with two or more stents 38 supporting it. These stents in the distal portion can be inside or outside of the tubular body depending upon the extension pieces which may be used to extend further down the aorta. Such an extension piece may be a bifurcated stent graft with legs for each of the iliac arteries or an aorto-uni-iliac stent graft. Placement of the stents on the inside or outside of the distal portion also dependent upon whether the stent graft of the present disclosure is to be deployed first and a distal extension mounted later in which case it is preferable to leave the interior surface of the distal portion smooth for good sealing and place the stents on the outside. Otherwise the stents will be placed on the inside and a distal extension be deployed first. A notional anterior longitudinal datum line 40 can be imagined on the stent graft and anterior markers 42 placed along the notional longitudinal datum line. Posterior markers 44 can also be placed onto the tubular body of the stent graft and when the markers are aligned as shown in FIG. 1 during deployment of the stent graft the correct position of the stent graft can be visualized. FIG. 2 shows a schematic representation of the stent graft from below. For clarity the stents have not been included. A notional clock-face has been superimposed upon the schematic stent graft with twelve o'clock positioned on the notional anterior longitudinal datum 40 . The clock-face has a twelve o'clock position 50 , a three o'clock position 52 , a six o'clock position 54 and a nine o'clock position 56 . The reinforced scallop 26 is positioned so that its centre 26 a is at the twelve-thirty o'clock position of the notional clock-face. The fenestration 28 is positioned at the twelve o'clock position 50 of the clock-face. The first low-profile side arm 36 is positioned so that its centre is at two-fifteen o'clock 36 c of the notional clock-face and the second low-profile side arm 34 is positioned at the ten o'clock position 34 c of the notional clockface. As an alternative indication of the respective positions of the fenestrations and side arms with respect to the notional anterior longitudinal datum 40 a measurement based upon degrees can be used. By this system the reinforced scallop 26 can be positioned so that it is centered at about 15 degrees from the notional anterior datum line, the fenestration 28 is at about 0 degrees, the first low-profile side arm 34 is positioned at about 67 degrees and the second low-profile side arm 36 is positioned at approximately 300 degrees. All of these angle measurements are made clockwise from the notional anterior line when viewed from the distal end of the stent graft. FIG. 3 shows a part cross-sectional view of the stent graft shown in FIG. 1 and in particular showing the concave surface of the tapered portion. The wall of the stent graft 10 in the region of the tapered central portion 14 presents a concave outer surface for the reasons as discussed above. In can also be noted in FIG. 3 the diagonal stitching 35 extending circumferentially and diagonally from a proximal end of the tubular side branch 34 a to a distal end of the tubular side branch 34 b such that the tubular side branch extends from the tubular body at an angle thereto. FIG. 4 shows a view of two resilient wire ring and strut assemblies used together to form a reinforcement stent 60 used on the low profile side arm and FIG. 5 shows a view of a low profile side arm constructed using the stent shown in FIG. 4 . In this embodiment the stent 60 comprises upper and lower ring and strut assemblies 62 and 64 formed from respective rings 62 a and 64 a and longitudinal struts 62 b and 64 b . The stent is formed from two piece of nitinol or similar wire and the wires terminate in loops 68 and 69 . FIG. 5 shows a detailed view of a tubular side branch using the stent shown in FIG. 4 . The tubular side branch 70 comprises a tubular portion of biocompatible graft material 72 with the stent 60 outside of it so that the ring 62 a is at one end of the tubular body and the ring 64 a is at the other end of the tubular body and the strut 62 b extends along the outside of the tubular body. The ring and strut assemblies 62 and 64 are stitched to the tubular body by stitching 74 and 76 . FIG. 6 shows a stent 80 suitable for the asymmetric stents 32 and 24 used in the proximal and tapered portion of the stent graft 10 shown in FIG. 1 . The stent 80 comprises a plurality of struts 82 and proximal bends 86 and distal bends 84 between the struts 82 . The stent 80 is formed in a substantially planar form and then formed into a cylindrical form as illustrated with a notional cylindrical circumference 88 . Where the ends of the planar form meet there is an overlap of struts. When the stent is mounted onto the wall of the stent graft by stitching (not shown) the stent is retained in its frustoconical form as shown in FIG. 1 when it is mounted into the tapered central portion and is in a cylindrical form when it is mounted inside the proximal portion. Around a part of the circumference 88 of the asymmetric stent 80 the proximal bends 86 a and distal bends 84 a are spaced further apart than in other parts of the circumference. In use the asymmetric self expanding zig zag stent 80 is affixed to the stent graft such that the part of the circumference comprising the bends being spaced further apart is in the posterior region of the graft. In the proximal region this gives a region suitable for placement of the fenestration 28 . The asymmetric stent 32 is placed inside the tubular graft material in the tapered central region so that struts do not interfere with placement of a side arm. In the tapered central region the placement of the asymmetric stent also defines void regions 14 a between the adjacent wider spaced struts immediately above to openings of the tubular side arms. This prevents a strut engaging a side arm in that region and possibly occluding the side arm in use. FIG. 7 shows a schematic view of a stent graft of the present disclosure particularly showing relevant dimensions. Where there is a dimension range given the preferred dimension is given in parentheses. In this embodiment the overall length of the stent graft less the length of the exposed stent can range from 100 to 120 mm. It is preferably 111 mm. The length of the proximal portion 12 can range from 35 to 45 mm and is preferably 39 mm. The length of the tapered portion can range from 15 to 25 mm and is preferably 18 mm. The length of the distal portion 16 can range from 45 to 55 mm and is preferably 54 mm. The diameter of the proximal portion 12 can range from 26 to 42 mm and the diameter of the distal portion 16 can range from 20 to 30 mm. The proximal scalloped cut out 26 preferably has a circumferential width of 15 to 25 mm and preferably 20 mm. It has a longitudinal depth of 15 to 25 mm and preferably 20 mm. The fenestration 28 preferably has a diameter of 8 mm and its centre is at a longitudinal position of 26 mm from the proximal end of the stent graft. The proximal open ends 34 a and 36 a of the first and second low profile side arms 34 , 36 are preferably spaced 55 mm from the proximal end of the stent graft. As discussed above the preferred dimensions are the result of careful analysis of the vasculature of a large number of patients to provide a “off the shelf” device which will fit as many patients as possible. In use the stent graft is introduced into the human body so that the fenestration 28 allows fluid access from the lumen of the stent graft to the superior mesenteric artery. The celiac artery would then be in the region of the scalloped cut out thereby allowing fluid access to that vessel. Side branch stents can then be deployed from each of the first and second low profile side arms 34 , 36 to allow access to the renal arteries. Throughout this specification various indications have been given as to the scope of the disclosure, however, the disclosure is not limited to any one of these and may reside in two or more of these combined together. Examples are given for illustration only and not for limitation.

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    US-9883938-B2February 06, 2018Cook Medical Technologies Llc, The Cleveland Clinic FoundationEndoluminal prosthesis having multiple branches or fenestrations and methods of deployment